|PAS Overview - Brief Description of Model|
This page explains briefly a theory of personality and a methodology for applying that theory formulated by John W. Gittinger. It shows how the PAS can be applied to the understanding of personality development and to the prediction of behavior. (For more detailed discussions consult other sections of this site.)
One of the strengths of the PAS methodology is that it permits predictions to be made on the basis of both readily obtained, objective psychological test data and also from easily-observable, real-world behavioral data. The theoretical formulations also have a number of other special advantages from both the practical and theoretical points of view.
From the Model to Behavior: Making Predictions
From the viewpoint of practical application, the way in which the theory orders data (the model) permits of comparatively specific predictions concerning expected behavior. The PAS contributes to prediction in a number of areas, including the following:
From Behavior to the Model: Inferring Personality Structure
The above aspects of the Personality Assessment System represent some of the inferences that can be made about a person's overt behavior, given that knowledge exists about the internal personality structure. Conversely, given that knowledge exists about a person's overt, real-world behavior the PAS allows one to infer the nature of that person's internal personality structure. Thus the following statements can also be made about the PAS:
An individualized pattern of strengths and weaknesses in the individual (the person's PAS formulation) can be derived on the basis of psychological test data or from observed behavior. Also, specific and/or typical behaviors can be predicted given that one knows the PAS formulation.
In other words, the PAS practitioner can move both directions between the PAS model and the overt behavior with which that model is associated.
Furthermore, the PAS enables objective comparisons to be made among the personality features of different individuals, thereby offering a suitable framework for behavioral research as well as for more definitive investigtions into personality structure and function. The PAS theory and method thus provide insights which contribute to clinical practice, personnel selection, concerns for security, educational practice, child-rearing and many other areas.